What are Bookkeeping and Accounting?

Bookkeeping at computer in office

Many assume bookkeeping and accounting are equivalent, which isn’t the case. They are connected, like sales and marketing, but distinct.

A company typically engages in many financial operations and activities over a certain amount of time, e.g. daily or yearly. Due to the large amount, it must monitor its money flow.

Once tracked and documented, it must analyze the outcomes. These outcomes will form the foundation for the company’s financial decisions.

A business should appoint a specialized unit for bookkeeping and accounting to efficiently administer financial and accounting matters. This department oversees financial duties, such as monitoring income/outgo, producing financial reports, matching bank accounts, and more. As such, they are privy to the company’s financial secrets and are critical for the successful operation of the business.

Organizations need to carefully monitor their money to examine gains/deficits and make wise choices about their company’s future.

The distinction between bookkeeping and accounting is that accounting is a whole, while bookkeeping is a part of it.


Bookkeeping encompasses documenting, sorting, following, and observing financial operations to secure a firm’s monetary health. These financial operations may include buying, borrowing, mortgages, investments, and any other monetary activity.

Recording financial transactions correctly is essential for keeping the firm’s financial information current and precise.

Bookkeeping enables financial transactions to be condensed into financial statements and reports, offering a comprehensive view of the business’s fiscal condition. This allows the company’s owners and managers to make informed decisions and to plan ahead for the future.


Analyzing financial data, recording transactions, summarizing, reporting, analyzing reports, and evaluating data for decision-making are all part of accounting.

Accountants must keep records each day, design an appropriate accounting system, and ensure financial info is current and submitted on time. The accounting staff uses data provided by bookkeepers to complete accounting tasks.

They must also create a schedule for bookkeeping activities such as data entry, account reconciliations, and financial statement preparation.

Accountants may also be responsible for developing and implementing procedures to ensure that financial data is accurate and up-to-date.

Computerized Recordkeeping

Technology has drastically changed how accountants and bookkeepers monitor, document, sustain and study financial information, summaries, and statements.

With the help of computers, financial information can be stored, managed, and analyzed much faster and more accurately than before. Decreasing time spent on laborious manual labor, more focus can be placed on financial operations.

Additionally, automated accounting and bookkeeping systems have become increasingly popular among modern companies. These systems allow the finance department to update its financial data automatically, making it easier to track and monitor financial activity.

Automated systems can help to improve financial accuracy while also reducing the amount of manual labor required.

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